The CA89 is arguably the most innovative, comprehensive and far-reaching reform of child law that has ever been enacted. It is a comprehensive piece of legislation that consolidates and integrates almost all the preceding legislation relating to children. The Act integrated public and private law provisions for the first time and removed the link with criminal law for young people (s. 90(1) CA89). This was subsequently changed with the introduction of s. 12(7) Crime and Disorder Act 1998 which creates a different route into care in respect of a child under the age of ten who has committed an act that, had they been aged ten or over, would have constituted an offence, or where there has been a failure to comply with any requirements made under a child safety order (s. 11 Crime and Disorder Act 1998; s. 60 Children Act 2004 (CA04)).
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