What was to become known as the Glorious Revolution was both the last successful invasion of England (and one that was largely bloodless) and a coup in which the monarch was replaced by his nephew and son-in-law, though William III’s success also depended on an absence of extensive opposition in England, an absence reflecting apathy, reluctant compliance and a measure of active enthusiasm in his favour. The change of monarch led to war with Louis XIV of France, who gave James II shelter and support; and the need for parliamentary backing for the expensive struggle with the leading power in Western Europe helped to give substance to the notion of parliamentary monarchy. The financial settlement obliged William to meet Parliament every year, the Triennial Act (1694) ensured regular meetings of Parliament and, by restricting its life-span to three years, required regular elections, thus limiting potential for the management of Parliament by corruption. William’s was truly a limited monarchy. The Glorious Revolution was to play a crucial role in the English public myth, being presented as the triumph of the liberal and tolerant spirit and the creation of a political world fit for Englishmen, which provided the taproot of the Whig interpretation of history.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number