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A number of events in IT practices paved the way to the adoption of the cloud we see today. One of them took place primarily in large organizations: the service-oriented architecture (SOA) transformation between the turn of the century and 2007, in which application silos were broken up into loosely coupled reusable service components (servicelets) linked by web services or RESTful application programming interfaces (APIs). This is the transformation described in the Uber and Netflix case studies in Chapter 4. IT became modular, with the servicelet as a unit of composition. We look at the notion of application-specific cloud platform (ASCP) as the hardware platform that runs this new environment.
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TechBeacon, “To Agility and Beyond: The History and Legacy of Agile Development ,” http://techbeacon.com/agility-beyond-history%E2%80%94-legacy%E2%80%94-agile-development , August 26, 2015.
M. Marschall, “How Are Lean, Agile, and Devops Related to Each Other?,” http://www.agileweboperations.com/lean-agile-devops-related , July 12, 2012.
Open Compute Project, “About OCP,” http://www.opencompute.org/about/ , 2016.
Open Computer Project, “Become a Solution Provider,” http://www.opencompute.org/about/open-compute-project-solution-providers/ , 2016.
D. Chakravarty, “Marketing ASICs ,” in Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) Technology, ed. N. Einspruch, pp. 27–57 (New York, NY: Academic, 2012); Ian Poole, “ASIC Design, Development and Layout ,” http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/data/semicond/asic/designs-development-layout.php , 2016.
R. Miller, “EDI Wins eBay Modular Design Contest,” http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2010/12/15/edi-wins-ebay-modular-design-contest/ , December 15, 2010.
R. Miller, “eBay Shifts to Water-Cooled Doors to Tame High-Density Loads,” http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2014/05/20/ebay-shifts-water-cooled-doors-tame-high-density-loads/ , May 20, 2014.
Open Compute Project, “Server Specs and Designs,” http://www.opencompute.org/wiki/Server/SpecsAndDesigns , July 13, 2015.
T. Prickett, “Goldman Sachs and Fidelity Bank on Open Compute,” http://www.enterprisetech.com/2014/01/29/goldman-sachs-fidelity-bank-open-compute/ , January 29, 2014; Y. Sverdlink, “Wall Street Rethinking Data Center Hardware,” http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2015/03/11/open-compute-wall-street-rethinking-data-center-hardware/ , March 11, 2015.
F. Frankovsky, “OCP Summit IV: Breaking Up the Monolith,” http://www.opencompute.org/blog/ocp-summit-iv-breaking-up-the-monolith/ , January 16, 2013; G. Huang, “Optimizing Your Datacenter with Open Compute,” http://cloudadvisorycouncil.com/workshops/2014/china/pdfs/Grant%20Huang_Quanta.pdf , March 10, 2014; L. Luo, “China’s Open Source Initiative Starts with Server Standards,” http://www.datacenterdynamics.com/content-tracks/servers-storage/chinas-open-source-initiative-starts-with-server-standards/93902.fullarticle , May 6, 2015.
Open CloudServer (OCS) Blade Specification, V2.0, http://files.opencompute.org/oc/public.php?service=files&t=1c2ed966035b8b83aaeadc80b4a5b356 , 2016.
L. A. Barroso and U. Hölzle, “The Case for Energy-Proportional Computing,” IEEE Computer, 40 (12), 33–37, 2007.
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