This chapter discusses the legal processes involved when children and young people are stopped and searched by the police, arrested and/or detained in a police station, with reference to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE) 1984 and associated legislation and guidance. Particular attention is given to the role of appropriate adults and guidance relating to interviewing and detaining children and young people in the police station. Tensions between processes in the police station and the UNCRC are considered, for example, the limitation of the right to silence, as an illustration of children and young people’s particular vulnerabilities within the youth justice system. Issues of discrimination and inequality are discussed, for example, ethnic and racial discrimination within police stop and search practice. The range of powers available to the police in regard to children and young people is discussed, including youth cautions and youth conditional cautions (YCCs), and youth restorative disposals (YRDs).
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