This chapter analyses policy areas that can all be understood as ‘high politics’ and that relate very directly to state sovereignty. The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 pioneered this move into high politics and in Britain (as in other member states) it also led to more public debate about European integration. First, EMU and the creation of the euro are analysed. How and why was the eurozone built? Why did Britain choose not to replace sterling with the euro, and is there any chance that Britain will join the euro? What were the origins and effects of the post-2008 financial crisis and subsequent politics of austerity that have shaken the EU to its core? The chapter then assesses EU action on internal security, including migration, asylum and police cooperation. It asks why EU states have taken action in areas that relate so closely to national sovereignty? Why has Britain stood aside from the Schengen area’s removal of border controls for travel within the EU? Focus then shifts to foreign, security and defence policy. We see that the EU has been able to develop common structures in areas that are closely related to state sovereignty. We also see that Britain has tried to take on a leading role within the EU, but under certain conditions. Britain and France are Europe’s leading military powers.
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- Britain and the EU’s Move into High Politics
- Macmillan Education UK
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- Chapter 7