The Child Attachment Interview (CAI), developed in 2003 by Mary Target, Peter Fonagy and Yael Shmueli-Goetz, is a way of assessing attachment relationships in middle childhood (ages approximately 8 13-years of age). The CAI was developed in response to a perceived ‘measurement gap’ in the study of attachment relationships for this group of children. The measures that already existed for younger children were either behavioural (as with the Strange Situation Procedure ) or representational (as with Story Stem Completion ), in contrast to the Adult Attachment Interview , which is a more direct method (in terms of its administration, if not in the analysis and coding). There was and still remains some debate about the age at which it is most helpful to move from representational measures of attachment to more direct measures.
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