China was a founding member of the United Nations in 1945. Since the People’s Republic of China entered the United Nations in 1971, its participation in international organizations has expanded both in scope and in depth. As one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, China has a strong influence in the United Nations. Traditionally, China often played a passive role in major international organizations. The rise of China since the 1980s has changed this situation. China today is one of the most active players in key international organizations, including the UN, the WTO, the World Bank, and the IMF (Chan, Lee, and Chan, 2011). This chapter examines China’s growing participation in major international organizations. It is clear that China has growing stakes in the contemporary international system. Realist scholars expect a rising power like China to change the current system to serve its interests. Some scholars argue, however, that China is interested in preserving the fundamental features of the contemporary international system. Part of the reason is that China has been one of the biggest beneficiaries of globalization. On the other hand, globalization has a dark side. This chapter also addresses how China confronts the risks of globalization, such as the Asian Financial Crisis and SARS, in the context of China’s interaction with the IMF and the World Health Organization.
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