Choosing the best course of action for our clients is a metaphorical ‘black box’ that needs to be opened up. As noted in previous chapters, whilst sport psychologists frequently conduct needs analyses and recommend interventions, the intervening steps of case conceptualization and choosing the support strategy are often very unclear — yet exploring and strengthening these processes arguably leads to more effective outcomes and better case reports. There is also a particular issue in sport psychology where different interventions (imagery, self-talk, relaxing/psyching-up, goal setting) are used to achieve many different outcomes (performance enhance, confidence, motivation, arousal/emotional control, concentration, etc.). There is little or no pattern, at this time, regarding which techniques are used to achieve which aims or why. In this chapter, we explore how this apparently haphazard approach can be damaging to clients (in unmet goals), practitioners (in lost clients and poor case reports) and the profession as a whole (‘If they can’t explain it properly, it’s all hokum!!”).
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- Choosing a Support Strategy — Case Formulations, Evidence and Professional Judgement
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