Freud and Jung had very different views on the nature and function of the unconscious mind. For Jung, there was both a ‘personal’ and a ‘collective’ unconscious. Jung’s personal unconscious, like Freud’s unconscious, is the site of repressed material, often infantile, and contains traces of a person’s past. For Jung, unlike Freud, symptoms are teleological; that is, they serve a purpose, with an unfolding aim: early life experiences create templates for the ways patients solve crises later in life. For Jung, the unconscious is significant not due to individual biography and personal experience, but because we all share a collective history and common experience.
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