What can we conclude from this study of hegemony, and how can we look to provide a more nuanced definition to avoid the confusion of the dual meaning it sometimes attracts? As outlined at the beginning of the book, two different understandings of hegemony have often been used in the area of international politics: one that understands hegemony as a mechanism where one state controls others in the international system; and the other being the process that occurs when one class in society asserts its dominance over others by establishing certain ideological principles through which order can be maintained. As we have seen, the historical distinctions between these two are not as different in their understandings of hegemony as one might have thought.
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