Feminist studies of the European Union seek to make sense of a field that has become enormously complex. Gender equality has been an issue in the EU since the inclusion of Article 119 on equal pay in the Treaty of Rome 1957 but has since widened to the recognition of equality between women and men as a fundamental principle of democracy for the whole of the EU. Gender equality is present not only in gender-specific policies, such as women’s participation in the labour market, reconciliation of work and family, and political representation of women in parliaments, but it also informs the basic principles and functioning of the EU institutions wherever gender mainstreaming is implemented. Whilst a few decades ago it made sense to study which member state or EU institution initiated particular policy initiatives, such as the equal pay or equal treatment directives, the range of actors involved in gender policy-making has now widened, making this task ever more difficult. 27 member states also convey multiple meanings and understandings of women, men, gender and gender equality (see Verloo 2007).
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number
- Chapter 10