Since the end of the Cold War, there have been two military security agendas in transatlantic relations. One security agenda has focused on Europe and has involved the adaptation of the roles of security organizations since 1990. The other security agenda has concerned the extent to which the EU and the US have cooperated in the face of growing global challenges such as states of concern, nuclear proliferation and international terrorism. It would be too simplistic to argue that strategic divergence has resulted from Europe concentrating on regional concerns and the US on global issues. Nevertheless, there have been marked tensions between the two sides of the Atlantic in their approach to extra-European security. These have included differences in both threat perception and in the instruments that each side employs. It has illustrated how perceptions of interests have led European states to varying levels of commitment when the threat they perceive is not existential.
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