In Chapter 1, we have noticed that Defoe fills his narratives with particularly unpredictable changes; and we have found that his themes are fluid, sometimes fading from the foreground, merging with a different theme, or subverted by irony. In this chapter we look at the moral and religious values encountered or expressed by Defoe’s narrators: are they as hard to pin down as the ‘agendas’ we considered in Chapter 1?
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