In this chapter, we will be looking at innovative services that disabled people have developed themselves, or have brought about through prolonged campaigns and political pressure. We will also discuss how these services relate to, and integrate with, statutory and voluntary services. Although some disabled people have found the interventions of professionals and professional services helpful, others have been critical of the control professionals have over their lives and the restrictive nature of the services they provide (French, 2004a; French and Swain, 2008). This situation has led disabled people to create their own innovative services and to press for legislation that gives them greater control over the services they receive (Barnes and Mercer, 2006). We will start this chapter by discussing Centres for Independent (or integrated) Living (CILs) and will then go on to examine the policies of direct payment and individual budgets. We will end the chapter with a discussion of advocacy, with an emphasis on self-advocacy and peer advocacy.
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