I.A. Richards makes the following assertion in his
The effects of
have to be noted. When something has once been done in a certain fashion we tend to expect similar things to be done in the future in the same fashion, and are disappointed or do not recognise them if they are done differently. Conversely, a technique which has shown its ineptitude for one purpose tends to become discredited for all. Both are cases of mistaking means for ends. Whenever we attempt to judge poetry from outside by technical details we are putting means before ends, and – such is our ignorance of cause and effect in poetry – we shall be lucky if we do not make even worse blunders. We have to avoid judging pianists by their hair.