Recent reforms in the direction of pluralist democracy and away from authoritarianism in the form of military rule, one-party systems, personal dictatorships, and racial oligarchy have revived interest in how to identify the prerequisites of stable democracy. The survival of democratic regimes has long been a preoccupation of political science, but is particularly relevant today when attempts are being made to establish or restore liberal democracy in so many parts of the world. Developing countries have been caught up in the so-called ‘third wave’ of democratization, starting in Portugal in 1974 and sweeping across southern and eastern Europe and, to varying degrees, most regions of the Third World (Huntington, 1991; Pinkney, 1993).
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- Democratization in the Third World
B. C. Smith
- Macmillan Education UK
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