In September 2014, by a margin of 55% to 45%, the Scottish people voted ‘no’ to the question: ‘Should Scotland be an independent country?’ This result was far closer than many pundits had predicted. A rush of support for the independence campaign, in the weeks before the vote, had made the breakup of Britain seem a real possibility. The opinion polls were too close to call. It was only a late and impassioned intervention from Gordon Brown, the former UK prime minister and a Scot, the promise of greater powers for the Scottish Parliament, and a panicked final campaign push from those who wanted Scotland to remain part of the United Kingdom that gained victory.
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