While some research methods books are intended for social and human scientists from a wide range of disciplines, others target readers specializing in a single methodological approach. A similar distinction is found in comparative research methods books between texts designed for social and human scientists in general and works that are discipline specific, which is perhaps most evident in the case of law and politics. As argued in the first chapter of the present volume, social and human scientists are far from agreeing that a distinct comparative method and/or methodology exist, setting comparative approaches apart from other research methods and methodologies. Nonetheless, it is clear that individual social science and humanities disciplines have developed their own distinct theoretical traditions and schools of thought, which are reflected in the research design and data collection strategies they adopt in comparative research. These differences are often expressed in terms of a dichotomy between universalist and culturalist, or particularistic, approaches. At the one extreme are the large-scale quantitative studies, as exploited in the 1960s and 1970s by social scientists, especially in political science, almost to the exclusion of other methods, for example to compare electoral systems or voting patterns, with the aim of identifying universalistic trends from which to make generalizations.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Disciplinary Approaches to Comparative Research in International Settings
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number