After President Richard Nixon’s resignation in 1974 and the lacklustre administration of his successor, Gerald Ford, liberal Americans looked to the Democrat, Jimmy Carter, for leadership of integrity and intelligence. Despite President Carter’s success in defusing the political crisis in the Middle East by bringing Israel’s Prime Minister, Menachem Begin and Egypt’s President Sadat into conversation at Camp David and overseeing the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty of 1979, the general ineffectuality of his single-term administration favoured a more hawkish successor. In November 1980 the sixty-nine-year-old Republican, Ronald Reagan, an ex-movie-actor and former Governor of California, was swept to the White House by one of the biggest election landslides in American history.
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