The Chinese dream includes three dimensions: money, might, and ideas. The objective of the Chinese leaders is to modernize China in order to boost its economic, military, and intellectual might (Lampton, 2008). Since 1978, the primary focus of the Chinese leadership has been on developing economic power. Beijing’s priority is sustainable economic growth, because growth is fundamental to the regime’s legitimacy. This strong focus on economic development has had a profound impact on Chinese foreign policy. Mao Zedong recognized the importance of economic power but consistently emphasized “politics in command.” Deng Xiaoping was the first PRC leader who truly set economic development as the top priority (Wu, 2005). Under Deng’s leadership, economic reform and opening policy became the driving forces of China’s domestic and foreign policy. As the former Vice Premier and Foreign Minister Qian Qichen indicates, the main objective of China’s foreign policy since the early 1980s has been to create a peaceful environment in order to serve China’s economic modernization (Qian, 2006).
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