Electoral geography focuses on spatial variations in electoral behaviour: that is, variations across regions, constituencies, wards or neighbourhoods (see Johnston et al., 1998). There is nothing new about this approach. Indeed, comparing election results from one place to another is probably the oldest form of electoral analysis and is something which all psephologists do, not just those with specialist expertise in geography. Comparing turnouts in different constituencies, for example, involves examining spatial variations. In this chapter the focus is on variations in party choice and, in this respect, where people live is an important part of the context within which voters make their decisions; it is a contextual variable.
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