The Electoral Reform Society declared the 2015 general election ‘the most disproportionate in UK history’, a worrying trend, they argued, for ‘fans of democracy’ (Garland and Terry, 2015). In short, they were concerned that the electoral system used in the UK means that the proportion of voters around the UK supporting a particular party is not reflected in the make-up of the House of Commons. Although the 2017 general election returned a result that was not so distorted, the accusation was not new. Since the 1970s, general elections in the UK had tended to produce disproportionate results, which misrepresented the smaller parties in the House of Commons in terms of their popular support (Renwick, 2015).
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