Though Pound, another American poet who had moved to London, edited The Waste Land ruthlessly, in the process inventing the modern poem as we know it today, his reputation has become troubling. This is because during the Second World War he made radio broadcasts from fascist Italy, sent to Americans, expressing anti Jewish sentiments and attacking the banking system as he then saw it. For Pound, usury (usura) was a terrible evil and Jews were at the heart of this problem, which was essentially the taking of interest for lending money, something Christians were for centuries forbidden to do (see The Merchant of Venice for an intriguing and also controversial take on this aspect of Western culture). Pounds major work, a very long poem, or series of poetic fragments, The Cantos, seems obsessed with usury. Eliot, too, expressed anti Semitic views, but these were less dramatically shared with the world, and so, unlike his friend, he was not tried for treason, nor did he have his sentence commuted on the grounds of insanity (Pound spent years in Washington, D.C. in a mental asylum).
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