On 7 February 1983, the Iranians launched yet another massive offensive. Entitled Wa al Fajr (By the Dawn), the offensive was directed towards Amara on the Basra–Baghdad road from the Fakeh region of Khuzestan. Six Iranian divisions, a total of 100,000 men, poured across the border line, with the first 40,000 striking along two axes. Rafsanjani described the attack as ‘the final move towards ending the war’. Expectations were high.
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