In the preface to this book, I noted when and how the terms ‘Europe’ and the ‘Third World’ became current, and we can fittingly close by observing their contrasting fortunes over the last generation. Fanon concluded his manifesto for the ‘Third World’ with a ringing invocation to ‘Leave this Europe where they have never done talking of man, yet murder men everywhere they find them …’ The Third World’s’ destiny was to start ‘a new history of Man, a history which will have regard to the sometimes prodigious theses which Europe has put forward, but which will also not forget Europe’s crimes.’ The wretched of the earth should cease paying ideological tribute to Europe by creating states, institutions and societies inspired by European models. Jean-Paul Sartre, who wrote the preface for Fanon’s book, agreed that ‘Europe is at death’s door’. With the western European working classes now incorporated into capitalist society, the dialectic of historical transformation in Europe was exhausted (Fanon, 1967, pp. 251–5, 12).
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