This chapter considers the interrelated topics of EU law and the EU’s courts. Because it covers many areas of EU activity and because also it takes precedence over national law, EU law is a key feature of the EU system. As it impacts extensively and directly on national sovereignties, it is often also a controversial and contested feature. The need for EU law and the sources, the content, and the status of that law are all examined in the chapter. Crucial to the successful operation of the EU’s legal system are the EU’s courts, which operate within the framework of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The courts are charged to ensure that EU law is upheld in a uniform manner throughout the EU system. Accordingly, the chapter also analyses the structure of the CJEU system, the type of cases brought before the courts, and their impact and influence.
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