Clearly, external actors have not received enough attention in the study of regions and regionalism. Most theories and approaches consider regionalism as a project led by intra-regional actors emerging in response to external forces and pressures, such as globalization and hegemonic international powers (Buzdugan 2013). This chapter rethinks how external actors contribute to and influence the making and unmaking of regions. In historical perspective, the US has had a strong impact on region-building as well as region-destruction around the world. The US repeatedly has tried to remake regions to suit its own national interest. For instance, the US has tried to reshape, undermine and, sometimes, even destroy regionalist projects in the Caribbean, Central and South America as well as Central and East/Southeast/South Asia. In contrast, the US played a more progressive role in the early stages of European integration right after the end of the Second World War.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- External Actors in Regionalism
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number