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This chapter discusses formal methods, which consist of a set of mathematic techniques that provide an extra level of confidence in the correctness of the software. They consist of a formal specification language, and employ a collection of tools to support the syntax checking of the specification, as well as the proof of properties of the specification. They allow questions to be asked about what the system does independently of the implementation, and they may be employed to formally state the requirements of the proposed system, and to derive a program from its mathematical specification. They may be employed to provide a rigorous proof that the implemented program satisfies its specification, and they have been applied mainly to the safety critical field.
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The Z Notation. A Reference Manual. J.M. Spivey. Prentice Hall. International Series in Computer Science. 1992.
Rational for the development of the U.K. Defence Standards for Safety Critical software. M.J.D Brown. Compass Conference. 1990.
Applications of Formal Methods. Edited by Michael Hinchey and Jonathan Bowen. Prentice Hall International Series in Computer Science. 1995.
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MSc. Thesis. Eoin McDonnell. Dept. of Computer Science. Trinity College Dublin. 1994.
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A Disciple of Programming. E.W. Dijkstra. Prentice Hall. 1976.
Communicating Sequential Processes. C.A.R. Hoare. Prentice Hall International Series in Computer Science. 1985.
A Calculus of Mobile Processes. Part 1. Robin Milner et al. LFCS Report Series. ECS-LFCS-89-85. Department of Computer Science. University of Edinburgh.
A Personal View of Formal Methods. B.A. Wichmann. National Physical Laboratory. March 2000.
On the Criteria to be used in Decomposing Systems into Modules. David Parnas. Communications of the ACM, 15(12). 1972.
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