For centuries, France has maintained an international presence of global dimensions, and the twenty-first century is no exception: France is still a major world player culturally, commercially, militarily and politically. As recently as the 1960s, Paris directly ruled countries as large as Algeria, and as distant as New Caledonia. Today, France possesses only fragments of its former Empire, but France as a physical entity still extends far beyond the métropole (mainland France) to the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans, where two million French citizens live in France’s remaining overseas departments and territories (as seen in Chapter 2). France has an independent nuclear deterrent, (known as its force de frappe) and, on this basis alone, qualifies as one of the world’s most influential powers.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- France in the World
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number