If we accept that there has to be some division of labour in politics and public participation in politics needs to be set in the context of representative government, then we need a theory of what political representation involves. That is to say, we need an account of what representatives should do, what sort of people they should be and how they should discharge their duties. Representatives undertake those tasks that citizens lack time or opportunity to undertake, but upon what understanding of representation should the design of a system of representative government be based? On the answer to this question hangs the issue of how we evaluate the competing models of indirect democracy that we have identified.
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