Alongside the return to history in much contemporary British fiction, there has also been a new set of critical concerns related to the way in which narrative fiction conveys and renders geographical space. Much of this has been fuelled by what has come to be known as the spatial turn in critical theory. This development occurs roughly concomitant to the rise of postmodernism as a set of cultural parameters and aesthetic characteristics, and several key theorists have discussed how fiction responded to this new understanding of space in the 1960s,1970s, 1980s and 1990s, including Michel Foucault, Henri Lefebvre, George Simmel, Edward Soja, David Harvey and Charles Jencks. A significant aspect of this spatial turn was related to the way in which theories about urban architecture began to move away from the modernist paradigms of Le Corbusier as set out in his Radiant City of 1935. By the 1960s, much of the modernist experimentation in terms of clean lines and a rationalized essentialist approach to city space was seen to have failed in practice. In the case of Britain, this became increasingly manifest in the decline of the high-rise architecture that more and more was associated with run-down council estates.
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- Geographic Space and National Identity
Dr. Nick Bentley
- Macmillan Education UK
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