Patterns of political interaction were transformed in the twentieth century by the growing prominence of organized groups and interests. Indeed, in the 1950s and 1960s, at the high point of enthusiasm about ‘group politics’, it was widely asserted that business interests, trade unions, farm lobbies and the like had displaced assemblies and parties as the key political actors. the interest group universe was further expanded, particularly from the 1960s onwards, by the growth of single-issue protest groups taking up causes ranging from consumer protection to animal rights, and from sexual equality to environmental protection. such groups were often associated with broader social movements (the women’s movement, the civil-rights movement, the green movement, and so on) and were characterized by the adoption of new styles of activism and campaigning, sometimes termed ‘new politics’.
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- Groups, interests and movements
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- CHAPTER 12