As Bowlby was developing his theory of attachment, he became aware of the work of Harry Harlow, an American psychologist whose primary research interest was the effect of social isolation and separation on primates. Working at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the 1930s, the experiments that Harlow was responsible for strike modern sensibilities as completely unethical. Whilst this is undoubtedly true, the results of these experiments were helpful to Bowlby as he developed his early thinking about attachment and so they remain an important reference point in understanding how the theory was fi rst developed.
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