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This chapter presents a short history of operating systems including the IBM OS/360, which was the operating system for the IBM System/360 family of computers. We discuss the MVS and VM operating systems, which were used on the IBM System/370 mainframe computer. Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie developed the popular UNIX operating system at Bell Labs in the early 1970s. This is a multi-user and multitasking operating system and was written almost entirely in C. DEC developed the VAX/VMS operating system in the late 1970s for its VAX family of minicomputers. Microsoft developed MS/DOS for the IBM personal computer in 1981, and it introduced Windows as a response to the Apple Macintosh. There is a short discussion on Android and iOS, which are popular operating systems for mobile devices.
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Not to be confused with DOS used on IBM personal computers.
go back to reference Thomas A, Michael D (2014) Operating systems: principles and practice. Recursive Books, West Lake Hills Thomas A, Michael D (2014) Operating systems: principles and practice. Recursive Books, West Lake Hills
go back to reference Deitel HM (1990) Operating systems, 2nd edn. Addison Wesley. Deitel HM (1990) Operating systems, 2nd edn. Addison Wesley.
go back to reference Robbins A (2005) Unix in a nutshell, 4th edn. O’Reilly Media, Sebastopol Robbins A (2005) Unix in a nutshell, 4th edn. O’Reilly Media, Sebastopol
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