The concept of human rights attempts to identify fundamental interests common to all human beings which have a special status in the sense that they should not be violated, either at all or only in extreme circumstances. In Surrey County Council v P  AC 816, , Lady Hale remarked that ‘the whole point about human rights is their universal character’. Human rights did not become a prominent legal issue in the UK until the aftermath of the Second World War, which produced a worldwide reaction against the atrocities of the Nazis. Human rights concern basic needs such as physical integrity, personal freedom, property, privacy and religious choice; political interests such as freedom of expression and association; social interests such as education and family life; and the protection of the rule of law, in the form of the right to a fair trial.
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