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This chapter considers the history of International Business Machines (IBM). This company is a household name and has a long and distinguished history. It is a major corporation that has made major contributions to the computing field and in developing the computers that we are familiar with today. Its origins go back to the processing of the 1880 population census of the United States.
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Virtual memory was developed for the Atlas Computer at Manchester University in England in the early 1960s. It allowed the actual memory space of a computer to appear much larger by using the space available on the hard drive. The Atlas Computer was a joint venture between the Manchester University, Ferranti, and Plessey.
Intel was founded by Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore in 1968.
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1975.
We are using the US system with a trillion defined as 10 12 and a billion defined as 10 9.
A patent is legal protection that is given to an inventor and allows the inventor to exploit the invention for a fixed period of time (typically 20 years).
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