Medical doctors generally approach concepts of health and illness by utilising the “medical model”.Psychological models of mental health problems do not rely on diagnosis but instead attempt to understand an individual’s problem in the light of their history and context, informed by psychological theories about human functioning.In recent decades sociological theories have become increasingly influential in the way mental health services are perceived, designed and delivered.Critical or post-psychiatry perspectives acknowledge the centrality of service user perspectives and social inclusion. Service user movements have had a major impact upon service delivery and professional practice.Ideas about the role of religion and spirituality are helping us to understand how some service users and practitioners “live” the human experience.All of the perspectives outlined in the earlier chapters have something to offer but all have limitations. This chapter explores the potential of a range of integrated perspectives to provide a framework for mental health practice.
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