Chapters 3 and 4 aimed at nurturing the awareness of, respectively, transport implications in urban planning and quality-of-place implications in transport planning. This chapter looks to both at the same time in order to try and develop an integrated transport and urban planning approach. Of course, many of the approaches and cases discussed in the previous two chapters have already documented a certain degree of integration. However, in this chapter the case for a full-fledged merger between transport (including telecommunications) and urban planning will be made. Cities and transport are one and the same in the daily experience and perception of contemporary urban households and organizations, and planners have to be able to deal with this fact head-on. The key challenge of transport and urban planning integration is providing accessibility conditions for an increasing and dynamic diversity of social and economic activities in cities, while at the same time ensuring that the resulting impacts are sustainable in both the short and the long term. In the following, the urban mobility dilemma discussed in Chapter 1 is used as the point of departure to further define this challenge and explore how it can be addressed. The more normative stance of this chapter relative to others, and the policy directions and urban form implications the chapter suggests, are only possible because of a number of assumptions which will be made explicit along the way.
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