This chapter examines interests in the EU – that is, it examines EU policy actors and would-be policy actors beyond those associated with the EU institutions and with the official positions of member states. The chapter begins by examining the many different types of interest that seek to engage with the EU. It then analyses their varying access to decisionmakers and the influence they exercise. The chapter concludes with some observations on interests and EU policy processes. Brussels has come to compete with Washington as the world’s ‘lobbying capital’. Lobbying is a billion euro industry, with a very large number of organisations and individuals seeking to monitor EU activities and influencewhat the EU does. However, the exact number of lobbying organisations and lobbyists in Brussels is impossible to gauge with precision. This is partly because many of those who lobby do not do so on a full-time basis but also act in other capacities: for example, as lawyers, accountants, and as businessmen. It is partly also because many of those who are really full-time lobbyists prefer to present themselves as ‘consultants’, ‘advisers’, ‘policy specialists’, and the like.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number