The EU’s main internal policy interests and responsibilities can be grouped under four broad headings: establishing the internal market, macroeconomic and financial policies, functional policies, and sectoral policies. This chapter examines each of these. The creation of an open European market based on free and fair competition has been at the heart of the policy goals of the EC/EU since the early days of the integration process. Moreover, the rationale for the creation of such a market has remained virtually unchanged over the years, with the central purpose of an open European market consistently having been seen as being to assist economic growth and hence to promote employment and prosperity. The sentiments expressed in Document 20.1, which are taken from a Commission communication of mid-2009 on the internal market, could just as easily have been expressed 50 years previously by the Community’s founders.
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