Just as the post-war synthesis was dominated by Morgenthau’s 1948 text, so contemporary IR is fixated on Kenneth Waltz’s 1979 volume, Theory of International Politics. Not only was realism revitalized by this book, but anti-realists have also felt obliged to respond to its arguments. In the 1960s, it was said (by Kenneth Thompson) that IR theory constituted a debate between Morgenthau and his critics; in the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s the name of Waltz should be substituted for that of Morgenthau (although, in both cases, it is what the author is believed to have written rather than what was actually on the page that is crucial).
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