Since the industrial revolution, greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere have progressively increased because of human processes, many of which are energy related. Consensus exists that if the climate system warms to more than 2C above pre-industrial levels, the implications for our environment and for humankind will be increasingly severe. At the same time, around 1.3 billion people (predominantly in developing states) today live without access to modern energy services (IEA 2013). Energy poverty excludes people from education, health services and economic opportunities. Acknowledging the important role that energy access plays in economic development, the United Nations (UN) declared 2012 the year of Sustainable Energy for All. Concerns over energy security have also made a comeback in world politics since the mid-2000s. Factors such as the rise of China as an energy consumer heavyweight, Russias assertive energy politics, and renewed energy-related conflict have all contributed to the securitisation of energy across the globe. In short, the world faces a triple global energy challenge: the current, fossil fuel - based energy system is environmentally unsustainable; rapid economic transformation in the developing world fuels steeply rising energy consumption; and finite resources trigger concerns over the security of supply and demand.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Introduction: The Global Energy Challenge
Michael F. Keating
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number