Standing on the Bund, as cargo boats ply to and fro, you look across the Huangpu River to Pudong, and are dazzled by the architectural extravaganza of Shanghai’s skyline (see Figure 1.1). The sheer dynamism of this global city’s economic development is evident all around. Construction of Pudong only began in 1990. Within a decade it became China’s financial centre. With over 15 million people, the rapidly growing Shanghai metropolis is the world’s fourth largest city. Starbucks, Pizza Hut and other global names jostle for lucrative sites where once the Red Guards paraded in the cause of Chairman Mao’s Cultural Revolution. There are huge shopping malls whose facades are faced with expensive granite. Above them prestigious office blocks dominate the skyline with an architectural flourish.
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