Courts are key actors in any democratic political and legal system. In recent decades, their one influence has increased hugely in many democratic states, with an impact on literally every aspect of daily life. Understanding how courts ‘speak the law’ and, in so doing, influence politics at the level of the state, is crucial for every student of political science and law. However, international courts – courts established beyond the realm of the state – have traditionally played a lesser role. Their influence varies and is dependent on the good will of states to recognize and adhere to Court decisions in global governance. The Court was created in 1952 by the ECSC Treaty (Treaty of Paris) in order to control the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and protect the sovereignty of the member states. After a little more than a decade, two new treaties, adopted in 1957 in Rome - the EEC Treaty and the Euratom Treaty - began to transform it into a supranational jurisdiction, independent of the member states.
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