The Thirty Years War was the greatest man-made calamity to befall Europe before the twentieth century, claiming proportionately far more lives than either of the world wars. It has been variously presented as the culmination of an age of ‘religious wars’ beginning with the Protestant Reformation in 1517, as an international struggle against Austrian and Spanish Habsburg predominance, and, more narrowly, as a German national disaster. These interpretations are supplemented by further national perspectives, each relating events through the experience of one of the many other countries which became involved.
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Peter H. Wilson
- Macmillan Education UK
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