On 28 July 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on the neighbouring kingdom of Serbia. The declaration came precisely one month after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife Sophie, in Sarajevo by a Bosnian student educated in Serbia. Thus began the Third Balkan War. Almost immediately, the conflict expanded into the First World War with Russia’s decision to mobilize and Germany’s response to that step. The war began in eastern Europe; the Habsburg government in Vienna took the pivotal decisions that started the fighting.
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Samuel R. Williamson Jr
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