Legislatures are the institutions of government that are closest to the citizens, since they are typically directly elected and are often responsible for representing local districts, rather than — as is the case with executives — the entire country. They are thus a key part of representative democracy. But how representation should be ensured or understood is an important question. And the tasks of legislatures go beyond representation, including also deliberation, the approval of legislation, the authorization of expenditure, the making of governments, and oversight of the executive.
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