Writing Tip In conversation, causes and results are often described using simple words like ‘and’, ‘because’ and ‘so’. In academic writing, you will need to use a variety of more sophisticated words and phrases. Read this paragraph from a sociology essay and look at how the causes and results are connected. The closure of a series of coal mines in the UK during the 1980s brought about a severe rise in regional unemployment. Since many of the pit towns and villages had relied almost entirely on the local mine as a source of work, very few alternatives were available to local men of employable age. Due to the fact that employment prospects were so bleak, many of them came to the conclusion that their working lives were effectively finished. Verbs Cause/bring about 1 With noun phrase The Industrial Revolution caused/brought about the growth of the city. The growth of cities in Britain was caused/brought about by the Industrial Revolution. 2 With object + infinitive The Industrial Revolution caused people to leave their villages for the city. Trigger + noun = ‘cause to happen’; used for describing a dramatic or sudden event or development The Industrial Revolution triggered wholesale changes in the way of life of working people. Wholesale changes in the way of life of working people were triggered by the Industrial Revolution.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Linking: causes
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number