The diverse nature of migrant experiences means that attempts to understand the links between migrancy and health have yielded contradictory findings. A wide body of research and clinical studies suggests that, overall, the outcomes for physical and mental health are worse for non- UK born individuals residing in the UK compared to the rest of the UK population. However, others suggest that changes in the health and health behaviours of migrants are not as marked or linear as generally assumed, and cannot be understood without considering other factors, including socio-economic circumstances and the immigration regulations of the countries to which migrants move (Gushulak, Pace and Weekers, 2010; Thomas and Gideon, 2013). Some of these contradictions relate to difficulties in monitoring and recording migrant health, differences in definitions of ‘the migrant’ and using concepts like ethnicity as a proxy for migrant status. Consequently, this chapter begins by discussing the complexities of monitoring migrant health and entitlements to health care, before discussing key trends emerging from studying physical and mental health.
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