The type of analysis where we look at the song using nothing but what is contained within the music and lyrics is known as ‘close reading’, where ‘the emphasis of the criticism, the analysis of the words on the page, all starts (and often ends) with those words’ (McCaw 2008: 43). Close readers, McCaw argues, ‘work up a reading of the text through a tight focus on the specific details of language, often with no reference at all to anything beyond the text (e.g. the life of the author, the politics of the time of publication, its place in literary history)’ (McCaw 2008: 44).
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- Looking at and looking beyond
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